Every engineering student is supposed to find an optimal solution for complex problems. Finding a solution is not everything, but the optimal solution is the main concern. The optimisation technique works well in engineering to find reliable and efficient solutions. Also, the risk related to cost and material becomes less when you work according to one of the techniques of optimisation. As per its importance, this article aims to discuss optimisation technique in engineering.
What is an Optimisation Technique?
The optimisation technique is a tool to find the best solution for any problem. There are different techniques of optimisation that can help you work with the parameters of your choice. First of all, you need to understand the optimisation and its purpose. After that, you can better understand different techniques of optimisation. For example, as an engineering student, you have to sort out a problem related to people’s access to a building. There is only one entrance to the building, but people are in numbers, and it always causes a rush at the entrance. In this case, you can have many solutions. Let’s understand optimisation with the help of two solutions.
One of the solutions is to build another building. It requires a high amount of investment. Also, the risk factor is more in this solution. Another solution is to increase the number of entrances in an existing building. In the second solution, the risk factor as well as investment is low. Furthermore, the time required to finally sort out the problem is very less in the case of the second solution. So, you can see the second solution is more efficient, sustainable and economical. In case of any confusion, getting help from affordable dissertation writing services is much beneficial.
What are the Engineering Applications of Optimisation Techniques?
In engineering, you have to make many decisions related to cost, design and operation. Furthermore, the decision can be for any project’s material, conditions or operation. Techniques of optimisation can guide you well in all such aspects.
- No decision is made as per the optimisation of a single aspect, but all aspects are interlinked. In case of cost, you have to come up with as low a price as possible. Also, there should not be any compromise on the quality of the project. The best optimal solution is the one that gives you quality work with a low budget.
- Other than cost, the material is another major concern in any project. The optimisation technique helps you decide if the selected material is good enough. Also, the transportation of martial plays a key role. Also, the amount and quality of the material are some aspects that decide the durability of any structure. The optimisation technique plays a role in identifying the availability, performance and sustainability. Similarly, you can manage resources and other aspects of any engineering project.
What are the Requirements of the Optimisation Technique in Engineering?
From the list of optimisation techniques, let’s specify our discussion on resource optimisation techniques. The major use of resource optimisation can be seen in project management. Here, the optimisation technique works as a tool to manage all activity concerning its available and required resources. With the help of a technique, you can plan the whole project at once. In resource optimisation techniques, you can get assistance from two tools. These tools are mentioned below:
The technique of resource levelling works to balance the availability of resources with respect to time. Most of the time, you do not have all the resources available at the site. All missing resources are required resources. In this case, you have to plan which required material is necessary to allocate at which duration. So, you have to manage the allocation of resources.
It is not necessary to have all resources throughout the project, but the good way is to allot resources based on the requirements of each milestone. For example, you need a roller to balance the surface of the road. There is no need to ask for a roller at the start of a project. You should make it available when you are done with the layering of roads. In this way, you can save money on rent. Also, you do not have to get worried about the place to place the roller.
Another important aspect related to resource levelling is the availability of resources for more than one activity simultaneously. In resource levelling, you have to design a critical path for each activity, or you can make a single critical path for two to three activities interconnected with each other. The main goal is to maintain a balance at each level.
Resource smoothing is another optimisation technique which works for the limit of resources. All available and required resources are optimal only when you do not have to deal with their shortage or excessiveness. The shortage of resources causes serious impacts on your project. You may have to go out of your budget because of the extension in the deadline of a project. The worst situation can be the failure of a project and a question of your credibility as an engineer.
In contrast, when a project has excessive resources, it also causes trouble. Dragging the last example, when you have a roller with you throughout the project. In this case, the roller will take up lots of space, which may cause a problem in construction activities. Also, the rent of a roller can disturb your budget. So, the technique of resource smoothing saves you from unusual circumstances and works well as an optimisation technique.
As an engineering student, you have to find a solution rather creating more problems. The successful completion of any project is only possible through techniques of optimisation. The completion of a project is not the only thing, but its sustainability also matters. As an engineer, the safety of lives should be your priority; it is only possible when you come up with quality work. I hope now it is easy for you to know the worth of techniques related to optimisation.